There are several methods of birth control available. Some common ones include the following:
Intrauterine devices (IUDs)
A few medications that are widely recommended by OB/GYNs are, Paraguard, and Nexplanon. Sterilization procedures, which are a permanent form of birth control, include hysteroscopic sterilizations, laparoscopies, mini-laparotomies, laparotomies, and hysterectomies.
IUDs are small devices that are inserted into the uterus by an OB/GYN. IUDs can be categorized into copper and non-copper ones. Copper devices release copper into the uterus, which is a spermicide and kills sperm before they can reach the egg. The other devices release progestin, which causes the cervical mucus to thicken so that sperm can’t get past it.
Paragard is a well-known copper IUD that many OB/GYNs recommend. Nexplanon, Skyla, and Mirena are three commonly used progestin-releasing IUDs that are also recommended by lots of OB/GYNs.
Both birth control medications and IUDs are effective, and neither of them interferes with intercourse. Which is the preferable choice for a specific woman will depend on her medical history, own preferences, and other factors. Women who are interested in either birth control medication or an IUD should schedule an appointment with an OB/GYN to discuss their specific needs and situation.
Some birth control methods protect people against certain sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Not all birth control methods prevent STIs, though, and those that do don’t prevent all STIs. Birth control methods are primarily designed to prevent contraception, not an STI.
All women who want to avoid a possible pregnancy and are sexually active should talk with a physician about the birth control options that are available. Even women who aren’t sexually active but soon will be should meet with a doctor, and they should do so before they become sexually active.
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